Vegetarianism

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Since the formation of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in the s when the church began, wholeness and health have been an emphasis of the Adventist church, and has been known as the "health message" belief of the church. The Nutrisystem seemed a program I could follow, so I joined. A dairy cow's natural life expectancy is about twenty years. Hope the diet goes well if you end up trying it! First reply was very fast, second was a bit slower but they explained to me the reason why. According to Genesis , consumption of meat was prohibited to human beings 1: Millions have lost weight.

3123 Nutrisystem Consumer Reviews and Complaints

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Other motivations for vegetarianism are health-related, political, environmental , cultural, aesthetic , economic , or personal preference. There are variations of the diet as well: A vegan diet excludes all animal products , including eggs and dairy.

Some vegans also avoid other animal products such as beeswax , leather or silk clothing, and goose-fat shoe polish. Packaged and processed foods, such as cakes, cookies, candies, chocolate, yogurt, and marshmallows , often contain unfamiliar animal ingredients, so may be a special concern for vegetarians due to the likelihood of such additions.

For example, while some vegetarians may be unaware of animal-derived rennet 's role in the production of cheese, and may therefore unknowingly consume the product, [3] [6] [7] other vegetarians may not take issue with its consumption. Semi-vegetarian diets consist largely of vegetarian foods but may include fish or poultry, or sometimes other meats, on an infrequent basis. Those with diets containing fish or poultry may define meat only as mammalian flesh and may identify with vegetarianism.

The term "vegetarian" has been in use since sometime before the so far first discovered written use in to refer to what was previously described as a vegetable regimen or diet, for example in print in India is a strange country. People do not kill any living creatures, do not keep pigs and fowl, and do not sell live cattle. The earliest record of vegetarianism comes from Indus Valley Civilization as early as the 7th century BCE, [20] inculcating tolerance towards all living beings.

The Orphics , a religious movement spreading in Greece at that time, also practiced and promoted vegetarianism. Vegetarianism was also practiced about six centuries later in another instance 30 BCE — 50 CE in the northern Thracian region by the Moesi tribe who inhabited present-day Serbia and Bulgaria , feeding themselves on honey, milk, and cheese.

In Indian culture, vegetarianism has been closely connected with the attitude of nonviolence towards animals called ahimsa in India for millennia and was promoted by religious groups and philosophers. Following the Christianization of the Roman Empire in late antiquity, vegetarianism practically disappeared from Europe, as it did elsewhere, except in India. In , the first Vegetarian Society was founded in the United Kingdom; [37] Germany, the Netherlands, and other countries followed.

In , the vegetarian colony Nueva Germania was founded in Paraguay , though its vegetarian aspect would prove short-lived. In the Western world, the popularity of vegetarianism grew during the 20th century as a result of nutritional, ethical, and—more recently—environmental and economic concerns. Within the " ovo- " groups, there are many who refuse to consume fertilized eggs with balut being an extreme example ; however, such distinction is typically not specifically addressed.

Some vegetarians also avoid products that may use animal ingredients not included in their labels or which use animal products in their manufacturing. For example, sugars that are whitened with bone char , cheeses that use animal rennet enzymes from animal stomach lining , gelatin derived from the collagen inside animals' skin, bones, and connective tissue , some cane sugar but not beet sugar and beverages such as apple juice and alcohol clarified with gelatin or crushed shellfish and sturgeon , while other vegetarians are unaware of, or do not mind, such ingredients.

Individuals sometimes label themselves "vegetarian" while practicing a semi-vegetarian diet, [9] [41] [42] as some dictionary definitions describe vegetarianism as sometimes including the consumption of fish, [8] or only include mammalian flesh as part of their definition of meat, [8] [43] while other definitions exclude fish and all animal flesh.

Semi-vegetarianism is contested by vegetarian groups, such as the Vegetarian Society , which states that vegetarianism excludes all animal flesh. Dietary Guidelines for Americans, — A report issued by the U. Department of Agriculture and the U. Department of Health and Human Services [45]. Studies on the health effects of vegetarian diets observe heterogeneous effects on mortality.

One review found a decreased overall risk of all cause mortality, cancer except breast and cardiovascular disease; [46] however, a meta-analysis found lower risk for ischemic heart disease and cancer but no effect on overall mortality or cerebrovascular disease.

Vegetarian diets have been shown to prevent and treat gallstones, cardiovascular disease, rheumatoid arthritis, dementia, diverticular disease, renal disease, hypertension, osteoporosis, cancer, and diabetes.

A vegetarian diet which is poorly planned can lead to hyperhomocysteinemia and platelet disorders; this risk may be offset by ensuring sufficient consumption of vitamin B 12 and polyunsaturated fatty acids. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and Dietitians of Canada have stated that at all stages of life, a properly planned vegetarian diet is "healthful, nutritionally adequate, and provides health benefits in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases". Rates of self-reported Seventh-day Adventists SDA were less than half of those of the general population, and, among SDA, vegetarians had lower rates of diabetes than non-vegetarians.

Among possible explanations for a protective effect of vegetarian diet are the Lower BMI of vegetarians and higher fiber intake, both of which improve insulin sensitivity.

The relationship between vegetarian diet and bone health remains unclear. According to some studies, a vegetarian lifestyle can be associated with vitamin B 12 deficiency and low bone mineral density. The China-Cornell-Oxford Project , [61] a year study conducted by Cornell University , the University of Oxford , and the government of China has established a correlation between the consumption of animal products and a variety of chronic illnesses, such as coronary heart disease , diabetes , and cancers of the breast , prostate and bowel see The China Study.

A British study of almost 10, men found that those who gave up meat were almost twice as likely to suffer from depression as people on a conventional balanced diet. The study found that the committed vegetarians studied had a higher average depression score compared to others. A vegetarian diet may help reduce the risk of Alzheimer's disease, as the most important dietary link to Alzheimer's disease appears to be meat consumption, with eggs and high-fat dairy also contributing.

Western vegetarian diets are typically high in carotenoids , but relatively low in omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin B Protein intake in vegetarian diets is lower than in meat diets but can meet the daily requirements for most people.

Proteins are composed of amino acids , and a common concern with protein acquired from vegetable sources is an adequate intake of the essential amino acids , which cannot be synthesised by the human body.

While dairy and egg products provide complete sources for ovo-lacto vegetarian , several vegetable sources have significant amounts of all eight types of essential amino acids, including lupin beans , soy , [71] hempseed , chia seed , [72] amaranth , [73] buckwheat , [74] pumpkin seeds [75] spirulina , [76] pistachios , [77] and quinoa.

A study found a varied intake of such sources can be adequate. Vegetarian diets typically contain similar levels of iron to non-vegetarian diets, but this has lower bioavailability than iron from meat sources, and its absorption can sometimes be inhibited by other dietary constituents.

However, the American Dietetic Association states that iron deficiency is no more common in vegetarians than non-vegetarians adult males are rarely iron deficient ; iron deficiency anaemia is rare no matter the diet.

According to the United States National Institutes of Health , vitamin B 12 is not generally present in plants and is naturally found in foods of animal origin. The recommended dietary allowance of B 12 in the United States is, per day, 0. Plant-based, or vegetarian, sources of Omega 3 fatty acids include soy , walnuts , pumpkin seeds, canola oil , kiwifruit , hempseed , algae , chia seed , flaxseed , echium seed and leafy vegetables such as lettuce, spinach , cabbage and purslane.

Purslane contains more Omega 3 than any other known leafy green. Olives and olive oil are another important plant source of unsaturated fatty acids. Plant foods can provide alpha-linolenic acid which the human body uses to synthesize the long-chain n-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA. While the health effects of low levels of EPA and DHA are unknown, it is unlikely that supplementation with alpha-linolenic acid will significantly increase levels.

Calcium intake in vegetarians and vegans can be similar to non-vegetarians, as long as the diet is properly planned. Non-dairy milks that are fortified with calcium, such as soymilk and almond milk can also contribute a significant amount of calcium in the diet. Vitamin D needs can be met via the human body's own generation upon sufficient and sensible exposure to ultraviolet UV light in sunlight. Vitamin D 2 , or ergocalciferol is found in fungus except alfalfa which is a plantae and created from viosterol , which in turn is created when ultraviolet light activates ergosterol which is found in fungi and named as a sterol from ergot.

Any UV -irradiated fungus including yeast form vitamin D 2. Claims have been made that a normal serving approx. There have been many comparative and statistical studies of the relationship between diet and longevity, including vegetarianism and longevity. A metastudy combined data from five studies from western countries. Regular meat eaters had the base mortality rate of 1.

The study reported the numbers of deaths in each category, and expected error ranges for each ratio, and adjustments made to the data.

However, the "lower mortality was due largely to the relatively low prevalence of smoking in these [vegetarian] cohorts". Out of the major causes of death studied, only one difference in mortality rate was attributed to the difference in diet, as the conclusion states: In Mortality in British vegetarians , [] a similar conclusion is drawn:.

British vegetarians have low mortality compared with the general population. Their death rates are similar to those of comparable non-vegetarians, suggesting that much of this benefit may be attributed to non-dietary lifestyle factors such as a low prevalence of smoking and a generally high socio-economic status, or to aspects of the diet other than the avoidance of meat and fish. The Adventist Health Studies is ongoing research that documents the life expectancy in Seventh-day Adventists.

This is the only study among others with similar methodology which had favourable indication for vegetarianism. The researchers found that a combination of different lifestyle choices could influence life expectancy by as much as 10 years. The researchers concluded that "the life expectancies of California Adventist men and women are higher than those of any other well-described natural population" at The life expectancy of California Adventists surviving to age 30 was The Adventist health study is again incorporated into a metastudy titled "Does low meat consumption increase life expectancy in humans?

Statistical studies, such as comparing life expectancy with regional areas and local diets in Europe also have found life expectancy considerably greater in southern France, where a low meat, high plant Mediterranean diet is common, than northern France, where a diet with high meat content is more common. A study by the Institute of Preventive and Clinical Medicine, and Institute of Physiological Chemistry looked at a group of 19 vegetarians lacto-ovo and used as a comparison a group of 19 omnivorous subjects recruited from the same region.

The study found that this group of vegetarians lacto-ovo have a significantly higher amount of plasma carboxymethyllysine and advanced glycation endproducts AGEs compared to this group of non-vegetarians. According to studies by the Permanente Journal and the National Institute for Health NIH , vegetarian diets are affordable and can help reduce health risks like high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, and cholesterol levels.

A plant based diet has the potential to lower the risk of heart disease as well as reducing the amount of medications prescribed in instances of chronic illness.

A change to a plant based diet, or vegetarianism, has had dramatic positive effects on the health of patients with chronic illnesses, significantly more than exercise alone [].

Vegetarian diets have been studied to see whether they are of benefit in treating arthritis , but no good supporting evidence has been found. I am very disappointed with the food. Most of it tastes the same to me and actually upsets my stomach. I did not realize I only had two weeks to cancel and much of that was mostly drinks. Then you keep trying different food thinking something will be edible.

I know there is plenty of fine print in contracts that should be read. I do not recall being verbally told about these conditions. This was a lesson that left a very bad taste in my mouth. We are sorry that the foods upset your stomach and that you were unaware of the auto-delivery nature of the program.

Not clear when I ordered that it would be on automatic order. Food is not good, not good instructions, dinners were bland. Too many entrees with spicy tomato sauce and cheese, dinners are bland. Shakes made me sick. Emails were only to sell more. Thank you for writing this review. We are sad to hear the foods were not to your liking and that the deliveries would be automatic. We will be looking into your account and reaching out soon. This is a follow-up to the review I posted on September 5.

Soon after I posted my first review, a rep from Nutrisystem contacted me via email. The email was courteous, professional, and apologetic for the experience I had.

The rep went on to offer replacement of the damaged food items I had received and encouraged me to give their company another try. In light of this swift response and their sincere desire to ensure that I was happy with their product and service, I am revising my review. I accepted a ready-made menu that containing some items that I did not enjoy.

In the future, I will make a point to select food items that I now know to be more to my liking than others. I am very pleased and heartened by Nutrisystem's timely reply and concern for my purchase. They deserve a second chance. I ordered my month's supply of diet food from Nutrisystem with high hopes.

When the food shipment arrived, most of the frozen breakfast items were broken into small bits; when I opened the packages, the bits fell out. Then I tried the frozen lunches. Since I take these to work, the only heating option is microwave.

Anything with bread or chicken comes out chewy, gooey, and icy cold in the center. It actually made me gag and lose my appetite, which wasn't the diet plan I expected. I am very careful when reading agreements, and for this item to be overlooked was no easy feat. Fineprint at the end will do that to you. To add insult to injury, the obnoxious customer service person on the phone refused to accept my cancellation until she badgered me with questions and hard sell tactics in a desperate attempt to keep me buying their awful food.

Overall, this was a horrible experience. I will never use or recommend Nutrisystem again. We are so sorry to hear about your poor experience with the delivery of your foods, the food itself, and the representative you dealt with. We will be taking a peek at your account and reaching out soon. Was not satisfied with the taste of most of the foods, had to throw it away and buy something else, and most of the desserts had an ok flavor, And a lot of meals with cheese.

I was not happy with that. My first order included items I didn't order and one that I'm allergic to its ingredients. I was told by one person the items were probably substitutions and when ready they would be replaced. When I called the customer service lady was very rude, basically stated I was lying and wouldn't allow me to speak to a supervisor. I'm very disappointed with the service I receive so I will take my business to a place that has better customer service.

Went thru a few months of products. Following it closely and exercised Sent email to customer support and I was told to think of it as not wasted but I received nutritional food with fiber Now I know why it only got one star. Weight loss system worksstale product and no one to answer to except counselors with no control. I emailed three correspondences to FIVE different departments only to receive a notice that they don't reply to emails because they were too busy. I also included to them pictures of the moldy carrot cake, along with the packaging that states the date is still okay.

The oatmeal is so stale it sticks to the side of the package and had to pour hot water in the bag to get the product out. Chocolate covered pretzels are stale. We did call and the rep was very nice and stated that she couldn't do anything except replace our stale food.

How many packages were bad? I honestly didn't count how many items I threw awayat their prices ANY wasted product is too many! Doesn't anyone there want to see a photo of the stale food? Does anyone there care? VERY poor about keeping the customer happy, however, are not timid about selling you the program.

Shame on you, Nutrisystem. We are sorry to hear about the spoiled and stale items you received. We will be reviewing your account and reaching out soon. I am not sure why in today's time of electronics that it takes so long to get the information.

We are sorry to hear that it took you so long to receive the information you needed for the program. We will be reaching out shortly. Pleased with the conversation with my counselor. I feel I have a better handle on what I should be doing. I am looking forward to losing the weight I have set my goal for. Thank you very much for your help. We are happy to hear that you feel like you understand the program better after speaking with one of our counselors.

Please let us know if there is anything else we can do to help! I wrote in with a few complaints about some of the food I received; some broken food, bags not sealed and crushed muffins. Allison was very helpful and courteous and was able to change my mood. Thank you Allison for being pleasant and helpful. Thank you for the kind words! We will be sure to pass this compliment onto Allison. Keep up the excellent work on the program, Chris! I didn't know this when I originally call to cancel my account.

Not that I like it, I understand that it was to be paid now. I was on hold for several minutes and when he finally came back he proceeded to tell me that his supervisor was at lunch and would called me back when she returned, "Oh and by the way here's your confirmation for your cancellation". At that time I received an email from my PayPal account, advising me that I just made a payment to Nutrisystem.

The man had the nerve to charge my account while he had me on hold. I have called every day, each rep has told me what he did was ok. This is so sad, that he could do this behind my back and it be ok. My call is being reviewed now sure it is but, we all know how this is going to end. I will continue to call each day until I get a callback. He knew what he was doing was wrong, why else would he have to sneak and charge me. I want an apology and someone to tell me what he did was wrong!

If I were Marie Osmond, I wouldn't want to be known as a spokesperson for a company that has such bad reviews. BBB alone has 99 bad reviews and I am getting ready to add another. I guess that wasn't necessary to be said. We are sad to hear about the way you were treated when calling. This is NOT okay. After the 3rd call to NutriSystem about a late order, Beth finally came online and made a return customer — yet again — out of me.

We are so happy to hear that Beth was able to straighten things out for you. We wish you continued success on and off the program. Rachel was very helpful in helping me to better understand my needs while on the plan and I am very thankful for her professionalism.

So far I am enjoying being on Nutrisystem. All of the food does taste very good. The only negative thing is that when I first order they did not tell me that there was so much chocolate in the turbo box.

I specifically requested no chocolate. Maybe training is advisable for people helping people to order food. Thank you very much.

We are so happy that Rachel was able to help you get started on the program. We are sorry that you received so much chocolate after requesting no chocolate. We will be sure to pass this along for coaching. Best wishes as you continue on the program. I have been overcharged. Counselors at Nutrisystem keep telling me the issue has been addressed but I do not receive a refund. This is very upsetting and seems to me to be a bit fraudulent.

Please refund my money! It may not even feel like you are on a diet. Nutrisystem is quite easy to follow and very convenient. People on the go with busy lifestyles will find this weight loss program very convenient. They have such a wide variety of foods you are sure to find many of their meals to be delicious. The company has many experts on hand to help guide you through your weight loss goals.

The unique plan has a Turbo TakeOff Box. It is a one-week jumpstart with specially created meals, all-brand new NutriCurb bars, the best-selling TurboShakes and all-new TurboBoosters.

TurboShakes have probiotics to assist with your digestive health in your belly. The Nutrisystem Company offers safe, effective and scientifically-backed weight-loss plans, with a distinguished Science Advisory Board and clinical studies.

All programs include comprehensive support and counseling options from trained weight-loss coaches, registered dietitians and certified diabetes educators available seven days a week. The company also runs the South Beach Diet!

The way you look at food should change, and you should be able to make much better healthier meal choices. You will even learn how to eat out, choosing better foods. On the New Nutrisystem Turbo 13 Plan, there is an online community of people who just like you want to lose weight and learn to keep it off. On the online community, you will find tons of recipes. Spice up your meals with online tips. Learn ideas to add to foods and after you reach your goal find healthy recipes from other members who have been on the diet plan.

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