Dietary and nutrient recommendations
What place should non-human animals have in an acceptable moral system? Rudolph is super good at progressions and reading defense. Even if your cat never gets real bone, she'll still be getting a diet that is far, far superior to anything else you can get out of a can or a bag Consider buying a quality pre-made raw diet. Wear rubber gloves when gardening and when cleaning the litter box. Indirect theories, direct but unequal theories, and moral equality theories. Remember - you do NOT have to brush the inside of the teeth, only the outside -- and really all it takes is some swift, repeated swipes of the upper and lower rows of teeth. Or else Wilson breaks lamps.
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The only office I my insurance said they had experience in functional Medicine in MA turned out to not even know what functioning medicine is. That was in November of when I called.
I appreciate your time and efforts in this matter. And thank you for the opportunity to try to get help. People with an over growth get sick, stay sick and get sicker because of the lack of knowledge we get from the traditional medicine doctors. I do like that you are trying to get doctors to learn functioning medicine. The only reasons I think traditional is taken over for population control, to possibly make more money most likely I like to hear other people options on that,so we can know how to approach the problem.
If we Truly know the why,then we can see how we can help compromise. To help defend that reason. To help balance people with the appropriate and truly affective healthcare;functioning medicine, easily available,easily addressable and affordable for everyone.
Good night and wish you all a restful night sleep. Any recommendations on a good practitioner to see in New York City? I have been attempting to cure my self-diagnosed candida for the last 12 months unsuccessfully. What should I get tested for and who should I see? Chris, you are wise and so thorough! I beg you from the bottom of my heart to answer my question- systemic candida etc. Can you please advise- is monolaurin an effective biofilm disruptor as well??
Or should I add a biofilm disruptor? Wondering if something like Interfase plus would affect my own mineral levels, but obviously that can always be addressed after the yeast is gone.
Also try involve yourself in something thats mentally and physically stimulating, dont just stay at home, join a yoga class, read books , be creative …. If you want a biofilm disruptor you need something with enzymes to break down the cell wall of the biofilm ….
In general a protocol would look something like this: Take a biofilm disruptor like Interfase. God thank you Lauren. I found your information and timing on when to take those extremely useful and appreciated! For those suffering badly from candida I am compelled to share this link http: I have read Dr.
The reports are very good. This article is helpful because I do not agree with his choice to do the candida diet. The Daniels protocol, is one I had heard of being quite effective because of her special ingredient. I am hoping this article will help my client realize ketogenics is not the answer he is looking for. My chronic fatigue and brain fog has gotten so bad that I feel like a vegetable. Jeff McCoombs mentions that if one starves candida too much, that it will go elsewhere looking for food.
In other words, it will leave the gut and become systemic. Hi, It make sense, I agree, but do you have any research about how the candida might become worst with this diets to much low carbs like cetogenic.
Die offs are common with such diets and can last between a few days and a few weeks. You feel full of cravings and foggy and weak. This is normal and part of the process. You might be interested in this information. When the candida begins dying off, they increase their production of toxins causing an increase in the symptoms of the person. Many people who start a regiment to kill candida end-up quiting because the herxheimer reaction is so unpleasant.
Activated charcoal will absorb the toxins from your bloodstream, decreasing your symptoms. The brain fog, etc. Charcoal can help, but anti-ammonia compounds like ornithine might be worth looking into. Could this have something to do with some sort of overgrowth? Is that an indication that I might have candida? Do you mean you would modify the fodmap diet so you get your carbs from low sugar things like raspberries and strawberries, but avoid the carbs in grain alternatives?
Biotin isnt an antifungal.. My candida was completly under control and I decided to take 10mg of biotin… dude it came back full force and now more resistant to my anti-fungals, none is working! Biotin has been shown in studies back in to prevent the conversion of the yeast form of candida, to the hyphal or mycelial form. Sorry to hear that about the biotin! I was just going to start taking some today so now I will do some thorough research on it.
Yes i would like to know about the consumption of raw honey in small amounts and the benotite cleanse worth doing? Glenn Atkisskon — I wish I read your post months ago! I love how you posted the articles — people need to be educated about the suppression of these natural healers.
They are cheap and effective! I think you might be talking about mold, referring to water logged building. I thought I had candida overgrowth but it might be fungal from living 6 months with Stachyburys mold. What has worked for you. Thank you very much. My son is not ok. My daughter is five and has had chronic constipation since birth. She also has some high strung outbursts and is overly sensitive to things. My seven year old son has become a mess despite my constant advocation to pediatric doctors, neurologists, occupation therapists.
When he was born I breast fed. I need to know 1. What to test myself and my kids for in this realm of gluten free,candida free or limiting life. What deficiencies and excess minerals and fungi, wheats ect am I looking for? I live in the Austin Tx area. I need any info that can help me, please. Research MSM best brand Doctors best My family was exposed to mold and this supplement along with many othet vitamins including selenium has helped us tremendously.
We became Chemical Sensitive and had chronic fatigue, digestive issues, muscle paint, depression, candida overgrowth these are only some of our issues. MSM the miracle supplement to detoxify it saved my life and slowly getting my life back. My functional GI Dr put me on Rifaximin and then Nystatin and all it did was cause bloat, joint pain, weight gain and worsening of my food intolerances.
I cannot handle eating even my normal AIP diet. It is very frustrating. I think sometimes it is not enough to diet and take antifungals.
We have to be sure were are eliminating toxins along the way. HI i can help you with that as I specialize in mthfr, methylation, nutrigenomics, and digestive health issues. No nasty Rifaximin and Nystatin!! My name is bob I believe I have either a fungal or yeast problem for years. I live in no I cannot find a legitimate dr. To evaluate and treat. My doctors are nice but are traditional and I get know where. Can you help me get to someone that can actually help?? Testing evaluate and treat.
We cannot find a good doctor to help and accounts are drained with all the better eating habits and supplements! I see an incredibly wonderful Doctor here in Viera, Florida and she has an office in Chicago, Illinois also. She flies back and forth. Her name is Dr. She is very experienced with the Candida problems, leaky gut Syndrom and Its realationship to autism. She is a physchiatrist but knows all about the Candida issues.
I have tried everything available from prescription antifungals to natural ones and eating organic low carb and taking all the supplements that are suppose to help. But, I found out about undecylenic acid by myself and I think it is the one that will finally help me with this Candida problem and leaky gut.
If this undecylenic acid will truly do this, my gut lining will become available to be populated with healthy bacteria and hopefully I can feel like a normal person for the first time since I was From years old, I took antibiotics at least every months for one thing or another. Upper respiratory, sinusitis, toothache, throat, conjunctivitis, urinary tract, diverticulitis, bladder, and just for precaution if I got a cut on my foot.
These antibiotics destroyed my good gut bacteria and the yeast took over the lining of my intestinal tract. Brain fog is better too. I eat all organic only and nothing ready made.
Now I have interstitial systitis because the oxalates have gathered in my bladder and they are like tiny razor blades go look them up. I hope all this helps some of you out there. It took me a year of researching to figure all this out and what worked best for me.
Many different types of antibiotics — not just Flagyl — kill off oxalate-degrading bacteria. I took Flagyl in June, 7 day course. And, I have been going through hell.
I am a very healthy person, 31 and very active. Can you help me with more info, please? I think I have some issues from this still, and I get very depressed because I have no idea what kind of doctor can help me. I have no health insurance, so I cant bounce around doctors much. Could we exchange emails? Hi, Can you provide more info on the studies that show ketones feed candida?
Also can you reccomend a specific protocol or cleanse that really works? I have recently been diagnosed with a candida overgrowth as well as dysbiosis and different bad pathogens. Matt, hopefully you get notifications of replies to your post. Check out my post above yours.. Maybe this info will help. My wife seems to be having a recurrence of Valley Fever symptoms and I was wondering if these same diet based approaches could be applied to help her? Any advice would be greatly appreciated! Nice Chris, i suffered from this before and found a women in my country that cures from this which did not work.
Something similar to your diet helped me a lot. Then I came across a few online posts by the candida experts group that they were all about natural healing, listen to your body, and not using anti fungals supplements or drugs to kill the yeast, but help the body to naturally restore the balance and to my surprise they even allowed fruits on their diet!
I got better in a matter of days and after 4 weeks I had no overgrowth!!! Really great post, and I have read a lot of the other stuff you guys post and I am very impressed. I live in Norway travel a lot to the UK.
I suspect I may have a fungal overgrowth, but as you say its difficult to know without testing. We have a totally different health care system over here in Europe. If I want to get tested for the types of things you are recommending over here in Europe do you guys have any suggestions about what tests I should ask for? Do you know if these types of tests are available over here? Generally doctors over here have no appreciation for the concept that diet can be linked to autoimmune and skin conditions etc….
Chris or anybody who might know , the product GI Synergy http: I have just bought this from functional nutrition, they also have a website but you can contact them via phone. After a long battle with yeast infection and candida for so many years, I finally see the light at the end of the tunnel. I got a stool test back, it said I have a high amount of S. Please can you write a list of food examples for both as a guide….
I have exactly what you need…this one is gold http: This series of articles on the different approaches to candida diets contains some very useful information — http: McCombs approach waits until Week 7 before introducing probiotics. He cites that fungal candida inhibits recolonization of Lactobacillus bacteria, and might even support the wrong immune response. Correcting fungal imbalances first helps to create a better environment for supporting growth of beneficial bacteria.
Using medications has been shown to be negative for several reasons — toxicity, development of anti fungal resistant strains, immunosuppression, etc.
A recent study from University of Toronto showed that when you kill fungal candida, you create a response that then causes death of immune cells, so further immunosuppression — http: The yeast form should be there. You say if you kill fungal forms of candida, that creates further immunosuppression. How would you treat parasites? Any specific herbs or anything? I raised some chickens and in the process contracted some. I tried many things and Humaworm was the only thing that got rid of them.
I have no idea even where to start. I am very symptomatic. My endo Dr just found a small benign mass on my adrenal. My DHT levels are very high and testosterone very high. I never feel well and am losing my hair. But I need help. One of my favorite online essays on this subject is available here. Don't leave the raw food sitting out for hours at a time. Offer your cat her food and after 30 minutes, dispose of anything that is left behind. Take the same precautions handling raw meat for your cats as you would for yourself and your family.
Clean all surfaces that touched raw food thoroughly. Wash your hands after preparing or serving the meals to your cats. Don't let small children have access to your cat's raw food. Wash your hands thoroughly after cleaning the litter box, too.
And remember, it's not just cats that eat raw food who can pass Salmonella through their feces. That said, I have never seen any data to suggest that cats on raw food have more Salmonella in their feces than cats on canned or dry food.
Salmonellae has been found in commercial pet food too. Moreover, in August , the Journal of the American Veterinary Association published an article noting that a good number of healthy dogs and cats carry Salmonella, but this does not necessarily equate to any clinical disease.
That article noted that the "prevalence of isolation of Salmonella from feces of healthy dogs is reported to be between one and 36 percent, and from healthy cats between one and 18 percent. If you read the article closely, you'll see that both cats were unhealthy and, from my reading, were apparently not terribly well cared for.
One was an unneutered!?! This cat had a history of weight loss, soft stools, and anorexia. Another was a recently vaccinated kitten with severe pneumonia, a severe nasal discharge, and bilateral corneal opacity.
The kitten's lungs were mottled. Finally, the article notes that both cats originated in the same multiple-cat household and the affected animals may have had an altered immune status or environmental stress.
The older cat also had a Bordetella infection "incurring additional immunological and physiological stress with compromise to local pulmonary defense mechanisms. The article notes that the referring veterinarian told the client to discontinue feeding a raw beef-based diet to her cats. If I were the veterinarian, I'd certainly recommend the same thing. Something is clearly terribly wrong with the food being served in that household.
So, how concerned should we be about what this very interesting article says? If two healthy and otherwise well-cared for cats - that we knew were served a properly and safely prepared balanced diet consisting of fresh meat from a reputable source intended for human consumption - were stricken down by Salmonella and died, then indeed we should be extremely concerned.
However, a careful reading of the article suggests that the cats were neither healthy nor well-cared for. Nor do we know whether the meat came from a reputable source. Consequently, because we don't have answers to such key questions, these unfortunate incidents do not constitute a blanket indictment of all raw diets.
I'm disappointed to report that this article has already been badly misused and misrepresented for just that purpose--with one veterinary site even implying it was a broad-based "study" of the issue of raw food and Salmonella in cats.
I urge a close reading of the AAHA article - and very strongly suggest that you don't rely on second- or third-hand interpretations of what it says. Don't run away from the issue of parasites and bacteria in cat food. Understand the issue, respect it, and make informed choices on the meats you select and how you serve the food.
That same article notes that healthy adult cats "appear to have high immunological resistance to the development of clinical salmonellosis. Finally, remember that the US Centers for Disease Control reports that in human cases of food-borne salmonellosis between and , contaminated beef accounted for the majority of cases at 19 percent.
Behind that was turkey nine percent , pork seven percent , and poultry five percent. Another CDC study published in December concluded that healthy house cats are generally safe with regard to excretion of Salmonella in the environment. I'll say it again: If you're going to feed a raw, home-prepared diet, you must do it correctly. No cheating and using cheap sources of meat unfit for human consumption. Don't even think about using the raw meat that is routinely fed at greyhound race tracks which is taken from rendering plants and thus has already been deemed unfit for human consumption.
No leaving raw food out for hours or days at a time. And never forget that there is risk with anything you feed. Respect those risks and take steps to minimize them. If you're not going to source good quality fresh meats and prepare and serve the food correctly and safely, then please just buy a quality canned food quality canned food and serve that.
Don't put your cat at unnecessary risk feeding by a raw diet incorrectly. But also don't fool yourself into believing that canned and dry foods are entirely safe either. If you decide that the long-term risks to your cat's health from feeding commercial foods outweigh the risks of raw feeding, then do yourself and your cat a favor and prepare and serve the food properly.
The bacterial count in dry food can be very high and the danger of toxic levels of aflatoxin contaminating dry cat food is always present. In December , for example, various US news media outlets reported that one of the nation's largest pet food producers recalled products in 22 states after receiving reports that the food caused death and illness. At least 17 dogs died from the contaminated food, which was found to contain an overgrowth of a toxic substance produced by fungus that grows on grains including corn called aflatoxin.
This was not the first time that aflatoxin poisoning in pet food made the news and companion animals died as a result, but it is the most recent and vivid example of the folly of believing that dry food is somehow safe and 'sterile. I can only guess at the the cases of contaminated pet food that we do not hear about, or about the cats and dogs that fall ill from the food they're eating but which no one thinks to link to diet.
A decade before the story broke about the deaths from aflatoxin poisoning, another big company was forced to pull thousands of tons of dog food off the shelf after consumers complained that their dogs were vomiting and losing their appetite.
At least 25 dogs died. Many dry pet foods are drenched in fatty flavor enhancers that provide an extremely hospitable environment for the growth of bacteria and fungus.
And those bags of food are generally stored at room temperature and go unconsumed for weeks or months. As one vet friend recently observed, it's almost laughable at how quick many vets are to warn clients about the risk of feeding fresh meats that are stored in freezers but don't think twice about selling bags of potentially contaminated dry food with no admonition about the real dangers associated with deadly bacterial overgrowth on those products.
It's difficult for me to not get very discouraged by all the effort and energy that many vets and pet food companies put into scaring off clients and consumers from feeding a raw diet, essentially whitewashing real evidence that dry food can kill sometimes quickly, sometimes slowly and turning a collective blind eye to the long-term dangers of feeding dry cereals to carnivores.
The misinformation and strawman arguments used by advocates of feeding dry food is repeated so often on pet food industry websites and from under-informed vets and veterinary technicians and receptionists in vet clinics that many people take it as truth.
But repeating lies over and over doesn't make them true. Soon, myths and a deliberate twisting of the truth comes to dominate the lexicon, and many people who might otherwise consider feeding a healthier diet to their cats are scared off, without the opportunity to weigh the hard facts and evidence first. I had trepidations about feeding raw meat to my cats.
I was terrified of Escherichia coli, Salmonella, you name it. At that time, I had only begun researching the issues related to feeding raw, and I found a very discouraging polarization that was unhelpful in making decisions: They seemed overly defensive and annoyed at anyone even raising the issue. At the other end of the spectrum were the selected individuals in the veterinary community and the pet food industry with their grave warnings about all the risks associated with raw feeding.
Permit me a soapbox moment here: I know so very many cats these days are susceptible to infections, chronic and expensive urinary tract woes, skin allergies, vomiting, diarrhea, IBD, and so on.
There are so many animals with very weak or compromised immune systems. What I've come around to in my own thinking is that we help to create weak cats.
We over-vaccinate them, we follow nutritional advice from vets who are not necessarily well informed on nutrition from unbiased sources, we feed steady diets to carnivores of meat-flavored cereal laced with toxic preservatives, and we jump to immediately suppress all symptoms with drugs like prednisolone when they're sick.
But if we can find a way to minimize whatever has the potential to weaken the immune system, then it stands to reason that cats will be in better shape to fight off the bad stuff thrown at them.
For my money, nothing beats feeding a cat the diet that nature intended for them to eat - raw meat, bones, and organs. To be sure, feeding a balanced raw diet is not the answer to everything.
However, I think you get an awful lot of bang for your buck feeding this way. Diet, after all, really is the brick and mortar of health. I came to learn that raw feeders as a group are not, in fact, dismissive of or cavalier about the issues of parasites and bacteria.
Much of the defensiveness I encountered early on -- and incorrectly presumed was a result of people simply ignoring a potential problem - was was borne of their frustration with individuals writing off all raw feeding as some wacky, dangerous, and fringe-element fad. Feeding cats a balanced raw diet is not a fad. Feeding cats meat-flavored cereal is a relatively 'recent' practice in the scheme of things - I like to think it's the fad that's passing!
For what it's worth, in all the years I've been doing this, I'm struck that I've yet to hear of anyone having an animal or a human become ill from properly feeding raw from good meat sources to cats. I'm not saying it hasn't happened somewhere. I do, however, worry about the cats who could benefit SO quickly and easily from being fed a properly prepared raw-meat based diet but who won't ever get the chance because someone who is misinformed dismisses raw feeding out of hand for reasons that are not well thought out.
Make your decision on whether to feed raw based on sound science and informed reason. I've heard that animals can choke on bones. How safe is it to feed bone? Feeding cooked bones is never a good idea. They can splinter and cause serious damage. Raw bones are much softer. I advocate grinding all bones in a meat grinder, since most of us are unable to feed whole prey animals that are the same small size as a cat would hunt, kill, and eat such as mice or birds. It's an excellent idea to make raw cat food using real bone as your calcium source versus bonemeal or some other isolated calcium source.
Finally, remember that bone is more than simply a great calcium source. Fresh, raw bone also contains many important trace minerals that are difficult to duplicate using synthetic supplements. The risk of contracting toxoplasmosis is misunderstood and frequently overblown.
I'm not saying that it isn't a serious concern for women who are exposed for the first time during pregnancy, but let's look at the facts: That means 20 percent of us living in the US have already been infected. Of those who are infected, very few have symptoms because a healthy person's immune system usually keeps the parasite from causing illness. In the United Kingdom approximately 0. If you are planning to become pregnant, you can be tested to learn whether or not you have already been infected with Toxoplasma.
If the test is positive it means you have already been infected sometime in your life. According to the CDC, there usually is little need to worry about passing the infection to your baby if you've already been infected. If the test is negative, you definitely need to take precautions. Here is the important part to remember about cats, their feces, and litter boxes: The problem comes from the oocyst, which is shed in the cat feces.
Even more important - and often overlooked - is the fact that oocysts require hours to sporulate, to grow into a form which is dangerous to people. This means if you clean your litter box at least twice a day, you have dramatically reduced the danger of infection from cat feces.
Bear in mind that are still other sources of toxoplasmosis - gardening, unsanitary handling of meat, rarely blood transfusions, insects, and earthworms. Do the math here: You were never previously infected with toxoplasmosis AND your cat would have had to have been exposed to her very first infection and shed the oocysts in her feces AND that shedding of oocysts would have had to occur within a specific ten to 14 day time frame AND you would have had to not clean the litter box for hours AND you would have had to ingest some of the infected feces.
See why I say that the risk of toxoplasmosis is frequently misunderstood and overblown? Believe me, I don't take the dangers of this condition lightly. It can be a very serious concern for certain people. But admonitions from some medical doctors to "get rid of your cat" without explaining the nature of the risk and the steps that can be taken to avoid or mitigate it do not tell the whole story. Given the above, paying attention to hygiene and getting a handle on your vulnerability to toxoplasmosis makes good sense.
If you're in a high-risk population, get yourself tested to determine whether you've already been exposed. Wash your hands and clean under your fingernails thoroughly after handling raw meat. Wear rubber gloves when gardening and when cleaning the litter box. And clean the litter box at least twice a day. I want to make the diet using different ingredients - can you help me? I have enormous faith in the balance of this diet and it has served me well for quite a few years.
If I didn't already think the recipe was about as perfect as I could manage, I wouldn't use it. I do tinker myself sometimes with ingredients--adding more psyllium and water during "hairball season," for example--but as much as I would like to help everyone who has an idea to start using, say, dried eggshells as a calcium source instead of bonemeal in the "without bone" recipe, I simply don't have the time to do it.
It takes time to properly calculate what's needed to correct calcium-to- phosphorus ratio if someone wants to use another calcium source, and I am not convinced that using calcium sources other than what I've suggested is a good idea in the first place. The tinkering I do is really along the margins of the diet and certainly there may be times when you'll need to do the same.
My only advice is to be certain that whatever adjustments you might make do not violate the key principles that you simply MUST get right - like making sure the calcium amounts are correct. If your cat prefers her meals more "soupy," than of course you can add a bit more water to the mix. If you're having a problem with hairballs, I think it's fine to add some extra psyllium and water. If your cat is under great stress, upping the amount of B-complex is probably a fine idea.
You shouldn't mess with things that put your cat at risk for toxicity, such as by using too much of non-water soluble vitamins like A, D, or E.
This is especially true if you're using synthetic vitamins. Please don't ask me to perform a wholesale re-engineering of this diet to suit each person's unique needs or preferences. But beyond that, I simply cannot confidently perform a wholesale re-engineering of this diet to suit each person's unique needs. That said, I do try hard to help as many people as I can who send me questions via e-mail, because I know how much it meant to me to have guidance when I first tentatively dipped my toes in this raw food venture.
But please don't ask me to completely reconstruct the diet and perform all the calculations for you to come up with a revised and correctly balanced recipe.
I have a busy job and home life, and while keeping up with this website is a labor of love and I will do my very best to answer the questions you have on feeding this diet, I simply cannot reinvent the wheel.
I also need some time to make cat food. I advise anyone considering a raw diet to do as much of their own reading as possible on the issue, focusing heavily on information from unbiased sources. You can start with having a look at the resources page. I suggest always asking yourself if a given raw diet recipe is truly species-appropriate or might just be an "adapted dog diet" recipe. I don't have the corner on the only way of doing this right.
This site simply reflects what I've come to believe is the most sound way I know of to safely prepare a truly balanced and healthy diet for cats. If I come on information that, after careful reading, persuades me beyond 'reasonable doubt' that the diet needs changing or adjustment, I'll change it. I try very hard to keep up with the latest work on feline nutrition from the veterinary journals and am in regular contact with people who have been feeding raw successfully for years.
I am a lay person. I'm not a professionally-trained nutritionist and certainly not a veterinarian. Ideally, you should work closely with your vet on any changes you want to make to your cat's diet. Unfortunately, not nearly enough vets are well-versed in feline nutrition to be of very much help, and many default to either reflexively dismissing raw diets or offering to sell you a bag of some prescription food. That said, if you find a vet that really knows small animal nutrition-- and is well-versed in cat nutrition?
Vegetarianism as a nutritional choice for humans is magnificent. Cats have no choice. We bring obligate carnivores into our lives and feeding them other animals is a necessity and a responsibility. A cat cannot survive long without eating other animals.
The protein in a vegetable does not supply what a cat needs to live. There is plenty of room for debate on how to best feed a cat. But there is no debating that cats are obligate carnivores. Cats rely on nutrients in animal tissues to meet their specific nutritional requirements. Plant tissue doesn't cut it. It never CAN for carnivores. I understand that it can be difficult to handle raw meat. Believe me, the first time I got an order of whole rabbits delivered to my door for making cat food I nearly wept and it was everything I had to get through chopping and grinding.
But it got easier because I kept in mind that my carnivore friends would have the best shot at longer, healthier lives if I did it. And when I focused on what goes into the manufacturing of many commercially-prepared cans or bags of cat food, I realized that the raw material that went into them was infinitely more gross. Slaughterhouse waste, meat unfit for human consumption, toxic chemicals, questionable preservatives, animal entrails fermented into sprayable liquid mixtures with acid, and on and on.
It didn't take long to face the fact that what I was assembling in my kitchen for my carnivores was certainly less offensive than almost anything I could scoop out of a bag or a can. As Anne Martin discovered when she conducted her long, detailed, and thorough investigation into the pet food industry, "companion animals from clinics, pounds, and shelters can and are being rendered and used as sources of protein in pet food.
Dead-stock removal operations play a major role in the pet food industry. Dead animals, road kill that cannot be buried at roadside, and in some cases, zoo animals, are picked up by these dead stock operations. When an animal dies in the field or is killed due to illness or disability, the dead stock operators pick them up and truck them to the receiving plant.
There the dead animal is salvaged for meat or, depending on the state of decomposition, delivered to a rendering plant. At the receiving plants, the animals of value are skinned and viscera removed.
Hides of cattle and calves are sold for tanning. The usable meat is removed from the carcass, and covered in charcoal to prevent it from being used for human consumption. Then the meat is frozen, and sold as animal food, which includes pet food. Remember, most of the commercial pet food industry is an extension of the food waste industry. These include taurine, arachidonic acid, vitamin A, and vitamin B Doesn't dry food help clean a cat's teeth?
The short answers are - no, and no. Quite the opposite in fact. Dry food, with its high-carbohydrate load mixes with saliva in the mouth to form a yucky, sticky paste that adheres to the gums and teeth much more than wet food. And that opens the door to expensive dental cleanings, downstream health issues, and stress and pain for your cat.
In my experience, some cats seem to have naturally healthy teeth that will tolerate a lousy diet. Other cats seem to show signs of dental distress and problems very early on in life regardless of their diet.
So it's kind of a crap shoot. She notes, " If anything, tartar and gum disease seemed to be more attributable to genetics or concurrent disease such as feline leukemia or feline AIDS than to any particular diet.
Hofve concludes that dry food does not clean the teeth. Carnivores have long canine teeth those are the big pointy ones you see at the corner of a cat's mouth to grab and kill prey. To pull the meat off of bones, they use their incisors. Finally, the carnassial teeth - the upper premolar and lower molars - are built to tear and cut flesh. You're living with a little animal-killing machine. Those teeth aren't made for cereal. Anyway, you know how when we humans chew there's a back-and-forth and side-to-side action happening with the teeth?
The movement that makes it possible for you to jut your lower row of teeth out in front of your upper row of teeth? Or that lets you move the lower jaw left and right? Not so with carnivores. For them, the lower jaw cannot move forward and has very limited side-to-side motion. The jaw on a cat is a simple hinge joint that lies on the same plane of the teeth; the hinge pivots. It's a lot like your knee joint.
As the jaw moves, the temporarilis muscle triggers the movement of the jaw. For herbivores, conversely, the chewing action involving forward and backward and side-to-side movement of the lower jaw pushes food back and forth into the grinding teeth - with the help from tongue and cheek muscles. This is a brilliant design that lets herbivores mechanically break down the cell walls of plants. Meanwhile, a carbohydrate-digesting enzyme - sailvary amylase kicks into action and breaks down starchy carbohydrates.
Cats don't produce salivary amylase. That fact alone, by the way, is huge. This is yet another reason not to feed carbohydrates or plant matter to cats. The un-broken-down carbohydrates, it is posited by some, can form a sticky paste that creates plaque and tartar in the mouth. It's the specific geeky details like these that explain why feeding dry kibble based for dental health makes very little sense. There's probably a little abrasive action on the inside of teeth when kitty closes the top row down on the bottom row with a large piece of kibble.
But it's the outer teeth where plaque and tartar form - generally, a cat's tongue will help remove plaque from the inner surfaces of the teeth. Mills, MD to thank for his work explaining "eating anatomy" in a way that made sense to me. It depends on what you and your cat are willing to do.
Please see my web page on periodontal disease , for starters. Having your cat's teeth and gums examined regularly and, if needed, scheduling dental cleanings under anesthetic! While it's preferable to never have to subject your cat to the stress and anesthetic of dental cleanings, sometimes it's the very wisest thing to do. Do check out Dr. Andrea Tasi's extraordinarily helpful article on what questions to ask your veterinarian before scheduling dental work on your cat.
Read it, study it, print it, and take it with you the next time you're talking to your vet about dental work for your cat. Bear in mind, too, that a cat's teeth can look just fine and still hide serious problems. There's a compelling argument in favor of having a cat's teeth and gums thoroughly checked at least once a year under anesthetic to make sure there aren't issues lurking under the gum-line that aren't visible to the naked eye.
That said, I personally have a tough time justifying putting a cat through the risks of anesthesia when there's no obvious reason to take the risk. It's a judgment call. Brushing your cat's teeth. I know more than a few people who manage this with more ease than you'd think is possible. The trick is to proceed slowly and to, early on, link tooth brushing with a pleasurable activity.
You don't want to make this a battle, after all. Your cat won't like it and you'll give up. I began brushing my cats' teeth finally! I pretty much followed the guidelines and tricks on that Cornell University video, though I find that tooth-brushing is more hassle-free around here if I catch the critters when they're asleep.
They're two fairly mellow guys and seem to take to it well. Remember - you do NOT have to brush the inside of the teeth, only the outside -- and really all it takes is some swift, repeated swipes of the upper and lower rows of teeth. We use seafood-flavored cat toothpaste here and it seems to be a hit. Feeding regular meals of nothing but large chunks of muscle meat. Granted, many cats absolutely refuse to eat chunks - I had the darndest time with two of my cats when it came to eating chunks.
If you're persistent and your cat is hungry, your cat may surprise you. Wilson sure surprised us on this front. The shearing and tearing action of a carnivore's teeth against raw meat is fantastic exercise for the jaw and goes a long way to creating the pre-conditions for great oral health. Wilson generously agreed to demonstrate in the video below - just know that this is two and a half minutes long. Hey, this ain't kibble munching.
This is what it takes for a carnivore to work through just one big ol' hunk of chicken thigh. Hey, this raw feeding seems like it might be a great idea for dogs. Eat at your desk while simultaneously browsing the Internet and preparing that memo. Sit for another few hours. Get back in the car. Drive half hour to the gym. Spend an hour working out. Grab a snack and sit on the couch to catch up on your favorite series.
While it might feel more comfortable to kick back in an armchair than take a walk around the neighborhood, living a sedentary lifestyle has a direct, negative effect on our health and wellness. The human body was designed to move. Much of it was for survival: We moved to gather food, escape predators and migrate to more forgiving land.
Even as humans advanced, our bodies were in motion. Long days of farm work, trudging into town for school or supplies and other factors of everyday living meant there was little time for our ancestors to rest on their laurels. In the mid th century, however, technological advances, a rise in car culture and a shift from physically demanding work to office jobs began chipping away at our physical activity.
Today, at a time when we have more choices than ever in almost every aspect of our lives, most of us choose to be stationary. But how does not moving regularly take a toll on our health? The World Health Organization estimates that a lack of physical activity is associated with 3. Researchers found the highest level of frailty experienced the most severe impact.
A study of more than 80, people found each hour they spent watching TV increased their risk of developing diabetes by 3. Remaining stationary for too long slows blood circulation to the legs, which can lead to swollen ankles, blood clots , swelling and pain. At the scarier end is deep vein thrombosis , when a blood clot forms in your legs. The clot can eventually break free and obstruct other parts of your body, including your lungs.